Historical Monuments of Delhi

Delhi is a city where the modern and ancient blend flawlessly together. A thriving city in which millions live and dream, Delhi has a rich history that is visible today through its amazing architecture and heritage sites. We explore some of Historical Monuments of Delhi that will take you back in time and help you trace the history of this beautiful and magnificent city.

1. Humayun’s Tomb

Humayun’s Tomb, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a stunning example of Persian architecture built during the Mughal period. It was built by Humayun’s widow Hamida Banu Begum in 1526, nine years after his death. This beautiful monument is made of red sandstone.

2. Lodi Gardens

Lodhi Garden is one of the extremely popular tourist attractions of Delhi. Along with monuments and tombs of the Lodi and Sayyid dynasties, Lodi Garden houses the tombs of Sikandar Lodi and Muhammad Shah.

3. Qutub Minar

This 73 meter high tower was built by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in the year 1193. Qutub Minar was built to celebrate Muslim supremacy in Delhi, after the defeat of the last Hindu ruler of Delhi. It is the tallest tower in India, with five levels and raised balconies. The first three levels are made of red sandstone and the last two of marble and sandstone.

4. Safdarjung’s Tomb

Safdarjung Tomb is the tomb of Safdarjung. This garden mausoleum was built by his son Shuja-ud-Daula in the year 1753-54. It has many small tents like Moti Mahal, Jangli Mahal and Badshah Pasand. The tomb complex also houses a library and a madrasa which is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India. The tomb of Safdarganj is built on a high platform with a dome of red sandstone and white marble.

5. Isa Khan’s Tomb

The tomb of Isa Khan is located in the same complex as Humayun’s Tomb. It was constructed in the 15th century. Isa Khan was an Afghan amir in the court of Sher Shah Suri. This mausoleum is beautifully decorated with varnished tiles, ornate chhatris and several verandahs all around. It is one of the oldest sunken garden-style tombs in Delhi.

6. Red Fort (Lal Qila)

This huge red sandstone fort is synonymous with Delhi and is a testament to the glory of the Mughal Empire. Built by Shah Jahan in 1638, it took about ten years to complete. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Red Fort is octagonal in shape, with its walls decorated with flowers and calligraphy, typically in the style of beautiful Mughal era architecture.

7. Alai Darwaza

Alai Darwaza was built by Alauddin Khilji in 1311 AD. It is the main entrance from the south side of the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque in the Qutub Minar complex. The gateway was constructed of red sandstone and decorated with white marble.

8. Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid is the largest mosque in India. With sky-high minarets all around, the Jama Masjid, the last architectural masterpiece of Emperor Shah Jahan, was built in 1650 and took six years to complete. The huge courtyard of Jama Masjid can accommodate about twenty-five thousand worshippers.

9. Diwan-i-Am

Diwan-e-Aam is located inside the Red Fort and it was here that the emperor used to meet and address the common people. The hall is decorated with stucco work and has gold pillars. This grand hall was also used for many state functions and ceremonies.

10. Tomb of Imam Zamin

Located near the Alai Darwaza in the Qutb complex, is the tomb of the famous Turkistani Imam Imam Zamin. Imam Zameen was the Imam of Quwwat-u-Islam Mosque. He came to Delhi in the 15th century and lived in the Qutub Complex complex during the rule of Sikandar Lodi.

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